Material Choices

TSE Industries offers a number of material options in the areas of Engineered Polymers (Plastics) and Elastomer Compounds (Rubber). Based on the industry served and end-use, several options may be of interest to you. The material choices below will provide you with a brief overview of the product attributes.

Note: Property data shown are typical average values and will vary based on specific production lots and by size and configuration of product. They should be used only as a guide to primary selection for application of a given material and never for purchase specifications. All values shown are based on bone dry specimens.

Elastomer Compounds (Rubber)

Buytl | EPDM | Neoprene | Nitrile | Fluoroelastomers

ButylEPDMNeopreneNitrileFluoroelastomers
Physical
Properties
lb./cu in.0.0330.0310.0440.0360.05 to 0.07
Specific Gravity0.920.861.2311.4 to 1.95
Durometer Range30 -10030 – 9045 – 9520 – 9065 – 900
ResilienceFairGoodExcellentGoodFair
Tensile Strength (psi)2,000+2,000 – 3,0003,000+1,000 – 3,500+1,500 – 3,000
Elongation (% reinforced)300 – 800500650 – 850400 – 600100 – 450
Drift, Room TempFairFairFair to GoodGoodGood
Compression SetFairFairFair to GoodGoodGood to Excellent
Electrical ResistivityExcellentExcellentFairPoorGood
Impermeability, GasExcellentGoodGoodGoodExcellent
Mechanical PropertiesImpact ResistanceGoodGoodGoodFairPoor to Good
Abrasion ResistanceGoodGoodGood to ExcellentExcellentGood
Tear ResistancePoor30 – 90GoodGoodPoor to Good
Cut Growth ResistanceExcellentGoodGoodGoodPoor to Good
Tensile Strength
(psi, 250°F)
1,0002,0001,500+700300 – 800
Tensile Strength
(psi, 400°F)
350400180130150 – 300
Elongation (%, 250° F)250300 – 500350120100 – 350
Elongation (%, 400° F)800 – 1200 – 1002050 – 160
Temperature PropertiesDrift at 212° FFairFairFair to GoodExcellentGood to Excellent
Heat Aging at 212° FExcellentExcellentGoodGoodExcellent
Flame ResistancePoorPoorGoodPoor to FairExcellent
Temperature, Max, (°F)325350250250400
Low Temp, Stiffening (°F)10 to 40-20 to -5010 to -2030 to -2020 to -30
Low Temp, Brittle Pt (°F)-80-90-45 to -180-6510 to -60
Environmental
Properties
WeatherExcellentExcellentExcellentGoodExcellent
OxidationExcellentGoodGoodFair to GoodExcellent
OzoneExcellentExcellentExcellentPoorExcellent
RadiationPoorPoorFair to GoodFair to GoodFair to Good
WaterExcellentGood to ExcellentGoodExcellentGood
AcidExcellentGood to ExcellentGoodGoodGood to Excellent
AlkaliExcellentGood to ExcellentGoodFair to GoodPoor to Good
Gasoline, Kerosene, etc.PoorPoorGoodExcellentExcellent
Benzol, Toluol, etc.Fair to GoodFairPoorGoodExcellent
Degreaser SolventsPoorPoorPoorPoorGood
AlcoholExcellentPoorFairExcellentExcellent
Synthetic Lubricants (Diester)FairPoor to FairPoorFair to GoodFair to Good
Hydraulic Fluids, SilicatesFairFair to GoodGoodFairGood
Hydraulic Fluids, PhosphatesGoodGood to ExcellentPoorPoorPoor
Subjective
Properties
TasteFair to GoodGoodFair to GoodFair to GoodFair to Good
OdorGoodGoodFair to GoodGoodGood
Non-stainingGoodGoodGood to ExcellentPoor to GoodPoor to Good
Rigid Material BondingFair to ExcellentPoorGood to ExcellentGood to ExcellentPoor to Good

Natural Rubber | SBR | Millathane® | Silicone | Hypalon®

Natural RubberSBRMillathane®SiliconeHypalon®
Physical
Properties
lb./cu in.0.0330.0340.0390.0360.04
Specific Gravity0.930.941.030.951.1
Durometer Range30 -10040 – 10025 – 9025 – 8050 – 95
ResilienceExcellentGoodGood to ExcellentPoor to ExcellentGood
Tensile Strength (psi)4,000+2,000+4,000 – 8,000600 – 1,500+1,500 – 2,500
Elongation (% reinforced)500450250 – 80090 – 800250 – 500
Drift, Room TempExcellentExcellentGood to ExcellentFair to ExcellentFair
Compression SetGoodGoodExcellentGood to ExcellentFair to Good
Electrical ResistivityExcellentExcellentGoodExcellentGood
Impermeability, GasGoodFairGoodFairExcellent
Mechanical
Properties
Impact ResistanceExcellentExcellentExcellentPoor to FairFair to Good
Abrasion ResistanceExcellentExcellentExcellentPoor to GoodFair to Good
Tear ResistanceExcellentFairExcellentPoor to GoodFair to Good
Cut Growth ResistanceExcellentGoodFair to ExcellentPoor to GoodFair to Good
Tensile Strength
(psi, 250°F)
1,8001,2001,800850500
Tensile Strength
(psi, 400°F)
125170200400200
Elongation (%, 250° F)50025030035060
Elongation (%, 400° F)806014020020
Temperature PropertiesDrift at 212° FGoodGoodExcellentExcellentFair
Heat Aging at 212° FGoodGoodFair to GoodExcellentExcellent
Flame ResistancePoorPoorPoor to FairFair to GoodGood
Temperature, Max, (°F)200275230550325
Low Temp, Stiffening (°F)-20 to -500 to 50-10 to -50-60 to -160-30 to -50
Low Temp, Brittle Pt (°F)-80-80-60-90 to -180-60
Environmental
Properties
WeatherFairFairFairExcellentExcellent
OxidationGoodGoodExcellentExcellentExcellent
OzonePoorPoorExcellentExcellentExcellent
RadiationFair to GoodGoodGoodFair to ExcellentFair to Good
WaterExcellentExcellentGoodGoodGood
AcidFair to GoodFair to GoodPoor to FairPoor to GoodExcellent
AlkaliFair to GoodFair to GoodPoor to FairPoor to FairExcellent
Gasoline, Kerosene, etc.PoorPoorExcellentPoor to FairFair
Benzol, Toluol, etc.PoorPoorPoor to FairPoorPoor to Fair
Degreaser SolventsPoorPoorFair to GoodPoor to GoodPoor to Fair
AlcoholGoodFairGoodGoodGood
Synthetic LubricantsPoor to FairPoorPoorPoor to FairPoor
Hydraulic Fluids, SilicatesPoorPoor to FairPoor to GoodPoorGood
Hydraulic Fluids, PhosphatesPoor to FairPoorPoor to FairGoodPoor to Fair
Subjective
Properties
TasteFair to GoodFair to GoodGoodGoodFair to Good
OdorFair to GoodGoodGoodGoodGood
Non-stainingPoor to GoodPoor to GoodGoodExcellentExcellent
Rigid Material BondingExcellentExcellentExcellentFair to ExcellentFair to Good

Engineered Polymers (Plastics)

Natural Extruded Nylon | MD Extruded Nylon | Cast Nylon

Test Method ASTMNatural Extruded NylonMD Extruded NylonCast Nylon
Physical
Properties
Specific GravityD7921.14 – 1.151.14 – 1.181.15 – 1.17
Tensile Strength (73° F, psi)D6389,000 – 12,00010,000 – 14,00011,000 – 14,000
Tensile Modulus of Elasticity (73° F)D638250,000 – 400,000450,000 – 600,000350,000-450,000
Elongation (73° F)D63820 – 2005 – 15010 – 60
Flexural Strength (73° F)D79012,500 – 14,00016,000 – 19,00016,000 – 17,500
Flexural Modulus of Elasticity (73° F)D790175,000 – 410,000400,000 – 500,000
Shear Strength (73° F)D7909,6009,500 – 10,00010,500 – 11,500
Compressive Strength (10% Def., psi)D69512,00012,000 – 13,000
Compressive Modulus of Elasticity (73° F, psi)D695
Mechanical PropertiesCoefficient of Friction Dynamic
(Dry vs. Steel) 
0.17 – 0.430.15 – 0.350.16 – 0.25
HardnessRockwell (73° F)D785R110 – 120R110 – 125R112 – 120
Durometer (73° F)D676D55 – 702.3
Tensile Impact (73° F, ft lb./in²)D182290 – 18050 – 18080 – 130
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion (in/in/°F)D6965.5×10.53.5×10.35.0×10.5
Deformation Under Load
(122 °F, 2000 psi, %)
D6211.0 – 3.00.5 – 2.50.5 – 1.0
Temperature PropertiesDeflection Temperature264 psi (°F)D648200 – 450200 – 470200 – 425
66 psi (°F)D648400 – 460400 – 490400 – 425
Melting Point (°F)D789482 – 500482 – 500430±10
Cont. Service Temp in Air, Max (°F)180 – 200180 – 200200 – 225
Dielectric Strength Short Time (Volts/mil)D149300 – 400300 – 400500 – 600
Volume Resistivity (OHM-CM)D2574.5×10132.5×1013
Dielectric Constant60 HzD1504.13.7
10³ HzD1504.03.7
105 HzD1503.43.7
Environmental
Properties
Water Absorption Immersion24 Hours (%)D5700.6 – 1.50.5 – 1.40.6 – 1.2
Saturation (%)D5707 – 96 – 85.5 – 6.5
AcidWeak (73° F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Strong (73° F)UnacceptableUnacceptableUnacceptable
AlkaliWeak (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Strong (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Hydrocarbons, Aromatic (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Ketones (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Ethers (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Esters (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Alcohols (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Inorganic Salt Solutions (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Continuous Sunlight (73 °F)LimitedLimitedLimited

Molded Teflon® | Extruded Acetal | Duro-Glide® UHMW-PE

Test Method ASTMMolded Teflon®Extruded AcetalMolded UHMW-PE
Physical
Properties
Specific GravityD7922.1 – 2.31.41 – 1.420.94
Tensile Strength (73° F, psi)D6381,500 – 5,0008,800 – 12,0004,000 – 5,500
Tensile Modulus of Elasticity (73° F)D63850,000 – 90,000410,000 – 520,00080,000 – 100,000
Elongation (73° F)D63875 – 35012 – 75200 – 450
Flexural Strength (73° F)D790No Break13,000 – 15,500
Flexural Modulus of Elasticity (73° F)D79090,000 – 110,000375,000 – 550,00075,000
Shear Strength (73° F)D7907,700 – 9,5003,500
Compressive Strength (10% Def., psi)D69516,000 – 18,000
Compressive Modulus of Elasticity (73° F, psi)D69595,000 – 115,000
Mechanical PropertiesCoefficient of Friction Dynamic
(Dry vs. Steel)
0.04 – 0.100.15 – 0.350.09 – 0.12
HardnessRockwell (73° F)D785R10 – 20R119 – 122R64
Durometer (73° F)D676D55 – 702.3
Tensile Impact (73° F, ft lb./in²)D182230 – 20040 – 901,000
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion (in/in/°F)D6965.5-7.5×10.54.2-4.7×10.57.2×10.5
Deformation Under Load
(122 °F, 2000 psi, %)
D6213 – 70.3 – 1.06-8 (6hrs.)
Temperature PropertiesDeflection Temperature264 psi (°F)D648100 – 140230 – 255
66 psi (°F)D648316 – 338158 – 174
Melting Point (°F)D789621±9329 – 347266
Cont. Service Temp in Air, Max (°F)500180160/180
Dielectric Strength Short Time (Volts/mil)D149500 – 650380 – 500450 – 500
Volume Resistivity (OHM-CM)D257>10171×1014-10151018
Dielectric
Constant
60 HzD1502.0 – 2.13.72.3
10³ HzD150>2.0 – 2.13.7
105 HzD150>2.0 – 2.13.7
Environmental
Properties
Water Absorption Immersion24 Hours (%)D5700.00 – 0.050.12 – 0.25<0.01
Saturation (%)D5700.80 – 0.90
AcidWeak (73° F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Strong (73° F)AcceptableUnacceptableLimited
AlkaliWeak (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Strong (73 °F)AcceptableUnacceptableAcceptable
Hydrocarbons, Aromatic (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableLimited
Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Ketones (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Ethers (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Esters (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Alcohols (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptableAcceptable
Inorganic Salt Solutions (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptable
Continuous Sunlight (73 °F)AcceptableAcceptable

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